Named for the pink-red sandstone from which it is built, the Red Fort is located deep in the centre of Delhi and is one of the city’s most compelling sights. This magnificent building was built in 1648 and was the residence of India’s Mughal Emperors for almost two centuries, as well as the headquarters for events of ceremonial and political significance. Now a UNESCO World Heritage Site housing several museums, it is an exquisite and immaculately preserved example of Islamic architecture, featuring octagonal towers, turrets and opulent facades inlaid with white marble, as well as elements of Persian and Hindu design.